- •Increasing alcohol consumption leads to increased HDL markers.
- •Moderate drinkers have higher HDL values compared to light drinkers.
- •Race and sex can modify the relationship between HDL and cholesterol efflux.
- •Unable to evaluate impact of HDL markers due to low number of cardiovascular events.
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
- Major lipids, apolipoproteins, and risk of vascular disease.JAMA. 2009; 302: 1993-2000
- Reverse Cholesterol Transport and Atherosclerosis.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2019; 39: 2-4
- High-density lipoprotein cholesterol efflux capacity is inversely associated with cardiovascular risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis.Lipids Health Dis. 2017; 16: 212
- Associations Between High-Density Lipoprotein Particles and Ischemic Events by Vascular Domain, Sex, and Ethnicity: A Pooled Cohort Analysis.Circulation. 2020; 142: 657-669
- Modulating cholesterol efflux capacity to improve cardiovascular disease.Curr Opin Lipidol. 2016; 27: 398-407
- Moderate alcohol consumption increases cholesterol efflux mediated by ABCA1.J Lipid Res. 2004; 45: 1716-1723
- The effect of chronic consumption of red wine on cardiovascular disease risk factors in postmenopausal women.Atherosclerosis. 2006; 185: 438-445
- Moderate Beer Intake and Cardiovascular Health in Overweight Individuals.Nutrients. 2018; 10
- Effect of moderate alcohol consumption on parameters of reverse cholesterol transport in postmenopausal women.Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004; 28: 662-666
- Moderate Alcohol Use Is Associated with Reduced Cardiovascular Risk in Middle-Aged Men Independent of Health, Behavior, Psychosocial, and Earlier Life Factors.Nutrients. 2022; 14: 2183
- Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Coronary Artery Disease (from the Million Veteran Program).Am J Cardiol. 2018; 121: 1162-1168
- The Dallas Heart Study: a population-based probability sample for the multidisciplinary study of ethnic differences in cardiovascular health.Am J Cardiol. 2004; 93: 1473-1480
- HDL cholesterol efflux capacity and incident cardiovascular events.N Engl J Med. 2014; 371: 2383-2393
- Alcohol and cardiovascular health: recent findings.Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2001; 1: 167-172
Drinking levels defined. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/moderate-binge-drinking. Accessed July 19, 2022.
- HDL2 of heavy alcohol drinkers enhances cholesterol efflux from raw macrophages via phospholipid-rich HDL 2b particles.Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008; 32: 991-1000
- High-density lipoprotein subclasses are a potential intermediary between alcohol intake and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease: the Rancho Bernardo Study.Br J Nutr. 2010; 104: 1034-1042
- Longitudinal study of alcohol consumption and HDL concentrations: a community-based study.Am J Clin Nutr. 2017; 105: 905-912
- Patterns of alcohol consumption and the metabolic syndrome.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008; 93: 3833-3838
- Cardiovascular risk factors and confounders among nondrinking and moderate-drinking U.S. adults.Am J Prev Med. 2005; 28: 369-373
- HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol efflux capacity is associated with incident cardiovascular disease in the general population.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2019; 39: 1874-1883
- Influences of gender and age on relationships between alcohol drinking and atherosclerotic risk factors.Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2010; 34 (Suppl): S54-S60
- Alcohol consumption raises HDL cholesteorl levels by increasing the transport rate of apolipoproteins A-I and A-II.Circulation. 2000; 102: 2347-2352
- Alcohol consumption stimulates early steps in reverse cholesterol transport.J. Lipid Res. 2001; 42: 2077-2083
- The alcohol–high-density lipoprotein athero-protective axis.Biomolecules. 2020; 10: 987https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10070987